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den Namen Walther Wolfgang (* 09. Eltern: Johann Caspar Goethe (1710 – 1782) Katharina Elisabeth, geb. Eines der Kinder wurde bereits tot geboren, drei starben in den ersten Lebenswochen. "And yet you heard Mozart in his seventh year at Frankfurt?" [73][74] He was also a pantheist, like some other prominent Spinozists such as Flaubert and Albert Einstein. He had a lively devotion to theater as well and was greatly fascinated by puppet shows that were annually arranged in his home; this is a recurrent theme in his literary work Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe[a] (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman. [89][88] Although often requested to write poems arousing nationalist passions, Goethe would always decline. Goethe also had the largest private collection of minerals in all of Europe. [46], In 1810, Goethe published his Theory of Colours, which he considered his most important work. Goethe embodied many of the contending strands in art over the next century: his work could be lushly emotional, and rigorously formal, brief and epigrammatic, and epic. After being translated into English by Charles Eastlake in 1840, his theory became widely adopted by the art world, most notably J. M. W. His poetry was set to music by almost every major Austrian and German composer from Mozart to Mahler, and his influence would spread to French drama and opera as well. • Johann Caspar Goethe (1710–1782), Doktor der Jurisprudenz und ab 1742 kaiserlicher Rat. She was emotionally distraught at the time, but they were eventually reconciled.[21]. Throughout a long and full life he demonstrated his prolific genius in many different areas. Goethe composed literary works and established artistic principles that had a profound influence on his contemporaries throughout Europe, and which are still looked to as models. He produced volumes of poetry, essays, criticism, a theory of colours and early work on evolution and linguistics. He detested learning age-old judicial rules by heart, preferring instead to attend the poetry lessons of Christian Fürchtegott Gellert. [54], Many of Goethe's works, especially Faust, the Roman Elegies, and the Venetian Epigrams, depict erotic passions and acts. The French "spoon guards", the least disciplined soldiers, occupied Goethe's house: The 'spoon guards' had broken in, they had drunk wine, made a great uproar and called for the master of the house. Although Goethe's great passion was drawing, he quickly became interested in literature; Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock and Homer were among his early favorites. Die … [15] Several of his poems, like "Willkommen und Abschied", "Sesenheimer Lieder" and "Heidenröslein", originate from this time. August and Ottilie had three children: Walther, Freiherr von Goethe (1818–1885), Wolfgang, Freiherr von Goethe [de] (1820–1883) and Alma von Goethe [de] (1827–1844). His faithful servant, Frederick, opened for me the chamber in which he was laid out. He would argue that Classicism was the means of controlling art, and that Romanticism was a sickness, even as he penned poetry rich in memorable images, and rewrote the formal rules of German poetry. What set Goethe's book apart from other such novels was its expression of unbridled longing for a joy beyond possibility, its sense of defiant rebellion against authority, and of principal importance, its total subjectivity: qualities that trailblazed the Romantic movement. Schuler.[11]. [48] Goethe's work also inspired the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, to write his Remarks on Colour. Goethe's diaries of this period form the basis of the non-fiction Italian Journey. In the last period, between Schiller's death, in 1805, and his own, appeared Faust Part One, Elective Affinities, the West-Eastern Diwan (a collection of poems in the Persian style, influenced by the work of Hafez), his autobiographical Aus meinem Leben: Dichtung und Wahrheit (From My Life: Poetry and Truth) which covers his early life and ends with his departure for Weimar, his Italian Journey, and a series of treatises on art. Ab 1776 bekleidete er am Hof von Weimar unterschiedliche politische und administrative Ämter. [citation needed] Along with Schiller, he was one of the leading figures of Weimar Classicism. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Heute vor 271 Jahren ist Johann Wolfgang Goethe in Frankfurt am Main geboren worden. The work subsequently inspired operas and oratorios by Schumann, Berlioz, Gounod, Boito, Busoni, and Schnittke as well as symphonic works by Liszt, Wagner, and Mahler. [7] All their children, with the exception of Johann Wolfgang and his sister, Cornelia Friederica Christiana, who was born in 1750, died at early ages. He also took great pleasure in reading works on history and religion. Johann Wolfgang Goethe wurde am 28.

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